The Native Woodland Model (NWM) has been developed by Scottish Natural Heritage to assist in the planning and implementation of native woodland expansion. The model's emphasis is on creating opportunities for woodland regeneration in areas where soils have been heavily modified through cultivation and industry. The study includes datasets, classifications of vegetation and a detailed analysis of how the NWM was used in regenerating areas of the Cairngorm Forest, Scotland.
Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation
Author: Committee on Intrinsic Remediation, Water Science and Technology Board, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, National Research Council.
Publisher: The National Academies Press, 2000.
Summary: This book discusses the clean up of contaminated sites using only natural processes, with the focus very much on natural attenuation. The early chapters introduce the reader to the concept of natural attenuation. Subsequent chapters discuss the benefits of involving the community in the remediation of contaminated land, the science behind natural attenuation and the various technologies available. The emphasis is clearly on petroleum and fuel contaminated sites and describes examples where redundant gasoline stations and underground fuel storage tanks have been treated.
Keywords: natural attenuation, groundwater, remediation, biodegradation, health, contaminated sites, landfill, approaches, protocols, community involvement, soil cleanup, in-situ, dispersion, dilution, sorption, petroleum.
Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation
Author: Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface, National Research Council.
Publisher: The National Academies Press, 2004.
Summary: This book focuses on the difficulties and technologies available for the remediation of subsurface source zones. It introduces the reader to the principles of source zone contamination and how fundamental techniques such as pump-and-treat often fall short of addressing the problem. Further chapters concentrate on the various options available for treating subsurface source zones including: containment, steam flushing, air sparging and excavation.
Keywords: subsurface, pump and treat, contaminants, contaminant sorption, organic pollutants, groundwater, remediation, clean up, in situ thermal treatment, steam injection, hot air injection, conductive heating, petroleum hydrocarbons.
Electronic Green Journal
Author: A Peer-reviewed Digital Journal.
Publisher: University of Idaho Library.
Summary: The Electronic Green Journal works on the principle of free, open access publishing. The website allows full access to current and back issues of this professional scientific journal, where the emphasis is clearly on international environmental topics.
Keywords: assessment, conservation, development, disposal, education, hazards, pollution, resources, technology, treatment.
Introduction to Groundwater Remediation
Author: The Energy & Environmental Systems Institute, Rice University.
Summary: A slide show presentation with Audio commentary covering: groundwater usage, common causes of groundwater contamination, groundwater remediation techniques, pump & treat, bioventing, sparging and natural attenuation.
Keywords: natural attenuation, groundwater, remediation, introduction, techniques, explanation, technologies, groundwater clean up.